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Uganda is the pearl of Africa and it has been known so for over 100 years now. This is because of it's clear lakes, mistry forests, snow capped mountains, emerald hill and wild life like; gorillas, chimpanzees and many other interesting animals. For the birds, uganda boasts of the biggest number of bird species in Africa, and most of them are found in Queen Elizabeth national pack. The peopl of uganda are welcoming and have an interesting culture.
 

Overview

Overview

Uganda is the pearl of Africa and it has been known so for over 100 years now. This is because of it's clear lakes, mistry forests, snow capped mountains, emerald hill and wild life like; gorillas, chimpanzees and many other interesting animals. For the birds, uganda boasts of the biggest number of bird species in Africa, and most of them are found in Queen Elizabeth national pack. The peopl of uganda are welcoming and have an interesting culture.
Uganda lies between the two East African Great Rift Vallies and its land locked bordered by Sudan in the north, Kenya in the East .Democratic Republic of Congo in the West , Tanzanian the South and Rwanda in South West. Uganda has an area of 236,580 Sq KM.

History and Independence (1962)

The Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago. Bantu-speaking populations who were probably from central Africa, migrated to the southern parts of the country. These groups brought and developed ironworking skills and new ideas of social and political organisation. The Empire of Kitara covered most of the great lakes area, from Lake Albert, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, to Lake Kyoga. Its leadership headquarters were mainly in what became Ankole, believed to have been run by the Bachwezi dynasty in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. They may have followed a semi-legendary dynasty known as the Batembuzi. Bunyoro-Kitara is claimed as the antecedent of later kingdoms; Buganda, Toro, Ankole and Busoga.

Uganda gained independence from Britain in 1962, maintaining its Commonwealth membership. Thefirst post-independence election, held in 1962, was won by an alliance between the Uganda People's Congress (UPC) and Kabaka Yekka (KY). UPC and KY formed the first post-independence government with Milton Obote as executive Prime Minister, the Buganda Kabaka (King) Edward Muteesa II holding the largely ceremonial position of President[14][15] and William Wilberforce Nadiope, the Kyabazinga (paramount chief) of Busoga, as Vice-President. The current president of Uganda is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, who came to power in a coup. Museveni has been in power since 1986. In the mid- to late 1990s, he was lauded by the West as part of a new generation of African leaders. As president, he has led Uganda in involvemen in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and other conflicts in the Great Lakes region.

The Climate.

Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform as large variations in the altitudemodify the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally spread throughout the year At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and in the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season gradually emerges; at Gulu about 120 km (75 mi) from the South Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.
Apart from in the mountainous areas, which are much cooler; the top of Mount Elgon is often covered with snow. The hottest months are December to February. Evenings can feel chilly after the heat of the day. There is heavy rainfall of between 1,000mm and 2,000mm. The best time for trekking is during the dry seasons, between January and February and June to September. Wildlife viewing is best at the end of the dry seasons, when game is more concentrated around water sources. The northeastern Karamoja region has the driest climate and is prone to droughts in some years. Rwenzori, a snowy peaked mountainous region on the southwest border with Congo (DRC), receives heavy rain all year. The south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world's biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. It prevents temperatures from varying significantly and increases cloudiness and rainfall.

Geography

Uganda lies between the eastern and western sections of Africa’s Great Rift Valley. The country shares borders with Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Lake Victoria to the southeast Tanzania and Rwanda to the south and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the west. Whilst the landscape is generally quite flat, most of the country is over 1,000m (3,280ft) in altitude.
Mountainous regions include the Rwenzori Mountains that run along the border with the DRC, the Virunga Mountains on the border with Rwanda and the DRC, and Kigezi in the southwest of the country. An extinct volcano, Mount Elgon, straddles the border with Kenya.
The capital city, Kampala, lies on the shores of Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and second-largest freshwater inland body of water in the world. Jinja, located on the lake, isconsidered to be the start point of the River Nile, which traverses much of the country.
The varied scenery includes tropical forest, a semi-desert area in the northeast, the arid plains of the Karamoja, the lush, heavily populated Buganda, the rolling savannah of Acholi, Bunyoro, Tororo and Ankole, tea plantations and the fertile cotton area of Teso.

Money and Economy

Uganda’s economy has been ranked among Africa’s fastest growing economies since 1986 .Uganda has simultaneously a steady expansion of its infrastructure such as the road network , schools, hospitals, communication networks which has greatly boosted the volumes of international tourists ‘ arrival in Uganda. Several international banks such as Barclays, Standard Chartered, and Stanbic operate in Uganda.
There are as well many forex bureaus for changes of foreign currencies into shillings and vice versa Despite what is claimed in some guide books. Credit cards are not widely accepted and where they can be used, mainly with larger hotels and tour companies hefty surcharges are common. Dollar is the most welcome foreign currency .Credit cards when accepted are widely used in Kampala .When traveling upcountry; you are strongly advised to carry cash. Several money transfer companies such as Western Union, money Gram operate in Uganda.
The Uganda shillings exists in the denominations of 50,000shs 20,000shs, 10,000shs, 5000shs, 2000shs, 1000shs notes 500shs, 200shs, 100shs and 50 shs coins. Banks are open between 8:30am to 4pm Monday to Friday 9:00am - 1pm on Saturdays.

Airport

Uganda has one international airport known as Entebbe International Airport .A number of international airlines fly direct ton Entebbe e.g. SN Brussels, KENYA AIRWAYS, BRITISH AIRWAYS, EMIRATES,ETHIOPIAN AIRWAYS, SOUTH AFRICA AIRWAYS and many others Many towns around Uganda’s national parks and wild reserves have air strips and there are various domestic charter compaies for flying Safaris.

Culture

Uganda is rich in culture. All the different tribes of Uganda respect their culture differently. You may not find it quickly in the way they dress; Most times it is in the way they behave that is more striking. All the tribes of Ugandans do everything differently. While others prefer the lesu (a kind of dressing), other parts prefer kitenge (kind of dressing) and othersstill like to remain traditional.

When you visit the central regions of Uganda, the Baganda prefer the back cloth. The back cloth is attire made out of wood. It can be worn as a dress, as a wrapper around the body and for some men, as a complete shirt and trouser.The indigenous dress of the Baganda man is a kanzu, a long, white cotton robe. On special occasions, it is worn over trousers with a Western-style suit jacket over it.

In the Northen parts of the country, Karamoja has a fatanstic exhibition of her culture. Th culture of Karamoja stretches as far as up North to Kidepo Valley National Park.

A display of Uganda's cultural heritage where one can see ethnological and natural-historicalexhibitions. It is a vivid reminder of the country's colorful past. One of its most interesting features is the collection of traditional musical instruments, which one is free to play. The Uganda Museum (founded in 1908) in Kampala has exhibits of traditional culture, archeology, history, science, and natural history. It regularly presents performances of traditional music. When you visit Uganda, you experience the best!